Advancing the transition to open access (OA)

Springer Nature’s 2022 OA Report

Springer Nature has been leading the OA transition for over 20 years

First to publish 1 million OA articles

Nearly half (48%) of our SDG-related articles are published OA

Support over 2.5 million authors to publish OA

Publish the largest and most downloaded OA journal globally

Our 2022 OA report shows us continuing to drive the transition

Our Transformative Agreements (TAs) are powering OA growth – delivering 3x more OA articles

Our OA content is being used more – downloads up 15%

Content in our OA journals continues to be cited more frequently than for other publishers

We are leading in OA books and became the publisher of the largest number of OA books on SDG-related topics

“Having easy and open access to all parts of research is essential to the development of a fully open world and to finding solutions to current and emerging issues. It is something that we at Springer Nature are firmly committed to enabling.

Our commitment to open research shines through with our leadership in open access in all aspects of research and open research practices as highlighted in this report. We remain committed to driving forwards an open, more reproducible research ecosystem that accelerates solutions to the world´s most urgent challenges.”

Harsh Jegadeesan Chief Publishing Officer, Springer Nature

We were quick to see the value of OA for the research community and invested early


BioMed Central (BMC) launched as the first commercial OA publisher. Its sustainable approach and open policies have guided industry standards ever since.


Springer launched ‘Open Choice’ – the first publisher to offer an OA option on its subscription journals – demonstrating its early leadership in promoting OA. It now has over 150 fully OA titles.


First fully OA journals.


SpringerOpen fully OA portfolio launched.


Scientific Reports launched, which is now the world’s largest OA journal.


First OA book published.


Nature Communications became fully OA.


Springer Compact agreements paved the way for the Transformative Agreements (TAs) of today, which enable authors to publish gold OA articles at no additional cost.


First transformative read and publish deal begins.


We introduced the concept of Transformative Journals (TJs).


Signed world’s largest OA agreement.


Springer Nature was the first publisher to reach the milestone of publishing one million gold OA articles.


Springer Nature provided authors with the ability to publish OA in Nature, showing how OA could be achieved for highly selective titles.


2,000th OA book published.


Innovative OA medical journal, Cureus, became part of Springer Nature.

Open Access at Springer Nature

Making research immediately open

OA articles published with Springer Nature are used more than those by other publishers.

Reach and impact of our fully OA portfolio

With over 600 fully OA journals across six imprint brands, we are proud of our world-leading fully OA portfolio.

Transitioning our hybrid portfolio

At least half the primary research articles we publish will be OA by the end of 2024.

Why publish OA with Springer Nature

Our authors’ papers benefit from higher use and greater visibility, driving knowledge globally.